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The Mystery Of Fate

There are countless verses and hadith confirming the predetermined nature of existence. Though I have covered this topic in detail in other books, I would like to mention some of these verses and hadith here:

“You cannot will unless Allah wills (your will is Allah’s will)!..” (Quran 76:30)

“While it is Allah who created you and all your doings!” (Quran 37:96)

“Indeed, We have created everything with its program (qadar – fate).” (Quran 54:49)

“...There is no animate being that He does not hold (program with the Name Fatir) by its forehead (brain) (i.e. subjugate to His command)...” (Quran 11:56)

“Say, ‘Everyone acts according to his own creation program (natural disposition; fitrah)’...” (Quran 17:84)

“No calamity befalls you on earth (on your physical body and outer world) or among yourselves (your inner world) that has not already been recorded in a book (formed in the dimension of knowledge) before We bring it into being! Indeed for Allah, this is easy.

We inform you of this in order that you do not despair over your losses or exult (in pride) over what We have given you, for Allah does not like the boastful and the arrogant!” (Quran 57:22-23)

The words of the Rasul of Allah (saw) regarding fate and predetermination are as follows:

Muslim (2653) narrated that ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas said:

I heard the Rasul of Allah (saw) say:

“Allah wrote down the decrees of creation fifty thousand years before He created the heavens and the earth.”


Muslim narrated that Tawus al-Yamani said: I found some of the companions of Rasulullah (saw), saying:

“Everything is by decree.”

Tawus added: I heard Abdullah ibn Umar say that Rasulullah said:

“Everything is by decree – even incapacity and ability.”

Narrated by Abu Huraira (r.a.):

Rasulullah (saw) said:

“Adam and Moses argued with each other. Moses said to Adam, ‘You are Adam, whom Allah created with His own hands and blew into from His Spirit, yet your mistake expelled us from Paradise!’ Adam said to him, ‘You are Moses, whom Allah selected as a Rasul and to whom He spoke directly; yet you blame me for a thing which had already been written in my fate before my creation?’”

Rasulullah said twice:

“So, Adam evidently prevailed over Moses.” (Sahih Bukhari Book: 55, Hadith: 621)


Abdullah (r.a.) said: “Shaqi (the unfortunate; the confined) is one who is a shaqi in his mother’s womb, and the fortunate one is he who takes lessons from others’ mistakes.”

Upon hearing this, one of the listeners went to Huzaifa (r.a.) and explained it to him, asking: “How can someone be a sinner in his mother’s womb when he hasn’t even done anything?”

Huzaifa (r.a.) replied: “Why does this surprise you? I heard Rasulullah (saw) say:

“Forty two days after conception Allah appoints an angel to the womb. This angel shapes the child and gives it eyes, ears, skin, flesh, and bones.

Then the angel asks: ‘O Allah! What should the gender of this child be?’

Allah ordains the gender, the angel records it.

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